The City of Galle was for many centuries the capital of the Southern Province. Until about the mid twentieth century it was self-sufficient socially and economically. It had its own harbour, railway links, departmental stores, hotels, schools, a hospital, a golf course, a racecourse, and cricket esplanade.
Bundala is Sri Lanka’s first Ramsar Wetland – a wetland area of great international importance for the migratory waterfowl, as well as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve declared in 2005. The Park was also declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1969. While Bundala can be visited throughout the year, December is considered the best month for birding.